Foxtail Millet or Thinai Arisi is a popular South Indian staple. Commonly called ‘Thinai’ in Tamil, legends have it that it is offered to Lord Muruga in Tamil Nadu. With numerous health benefits, this grain forms a significant part of the food chain and is used in Western and Ayurvedic medicine as well. More on what makes this millet special…
Setting it apart
This ancient grain is a warm season crop and can be grown in arid and semi-arid regions. It is said to have originated in China and is widely cultivated in India, China and Africa. Tejashree Bobde of Minerva Essential reveals, “Gluten-free Navane/ Foxtail millet is the second most commonly grown species. An essential amino acid called Lysine, which cannot be produced by our body on its own is found in this millet. It also helps in building muscle.” She adds, “It is one of the oldest cultivated millet and the grains are very similar to paddy rice in structure. They contain an outer husk, which needs to be removed in order to be used.”
In India, Foxtail millet is also known as Korra in Telugu, Kangni/Rala in Hindi, Navane in Kannada and in Malayalam it is called Thina. Its elevated antioxidant activity flushes out acidic elements from the body. Being nutritious, it acts as a great source of energy for children and adults.
Foxtail millets are rich in energy. It is high in dietary fibre and minerals such as copper and iron that helps to keep our body strong and boost immunity. The wonder has the capability to regulate and bring down the blood sugar level, diminishing the chances of blockage in the heart.
It is exceptionally wealthy in calcium, which helps in fortifying bones. When combined with legumes, its high protein content makes it a perfect substitute for a healthy vegetarian diet. It is suggested for people of all ages as it is easily digestible.
Sowing and Irrigation
The perfect time to sow Thinai is somewhere between June to August. The Kharif crop (summer crop) is sown during July-August in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and in Maharashtra. However, in Tamil Nadu, Bihar and UP, the correct time to sow is the beginning of June to end of July.
Unlike other grains, this crop can survive dry spell conditions as it requires less water. The frequency of irrigation depends on soil moisture and climate. Overwatering is not suggested and thus it is important to quickly drain out water from the fields during the monsoons.
Hay (green fodder) is obtained in accordance with the quality of the crop. It can be harvested after 70 to 75 days from the day it is sown. As this millet self-pollinates, it produces seeds within 80 to 85 days. Post-harvesting includes threshing the crops and grading the seeds.
Dietitian Shibani Talpade informs, “Magnesium in foxtail helps in insulin secretion, which increases response in diabetics thus reducing blood sugar. Enzyme lignin in it is believed to help avoid breast cancer and heart disease.”
The millet contains essential minerals like iron, calcium, zinc, magnesium and potassium. It is also rich in proteins and low in fat. Using natural Thinai is advantageous since it is free of pesticide.
Nutrition in 100 grams of Foxtail Millet
Foxtail Millet Delights
These millets are high in calories and provides vitality to those working in the fields. Thinai is also considered a vegetarian’s nourishment food.
|In Ayurvedic medicine, foxtail millets are used to make medicine sweet. This makes them valuable because they are nourishing, satisfying, light and easily digestible.
In Western medicine, they are found to be non-glutinous and profoundly nutritious. This makes them soothing and useful for those with gluten sensitivity.
|In China, it is used to make wine, vinegar, millet crispies and flour.
In some regions the seeds are sprouted and consumed for its health benefits.
|In Myanmar and Russia, it is used to prepare alcohol and beer.|
|In South India, Thinai is incorporated into the batter to make Appam, Dosa, Idli, Pongal, Idiyappam and Puttu.|
|It can be used to make muffin, bread loaf, granola bar and also to thicken soup.|
This simple millet is not just highly nutritious but also savoured in various forms. Considered as the basic food of farmers, apart from being inexpensive, it is highly fulfilling and energising.