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Fascinating facts about the common Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a staple in Indian households and a popular Brassica vegetable all around the world. It’s affordable, accessible, and packed with health benefits that make it a star ingredient in countless cuisines and diets. This cruciferous veggie is a cancer-fighting powerhouse and has been shown to reduce the risk of chronic diseases like Alzheimer’s, cardiovascular disease, cataracts, and diabetes, thanks to its high levels of antioxidants and Vitamins E and C.

Although a highly nutrient storehouse, cabbage does contain some antinutrient compounds that may hinder the captivation of certain nutrients and can also give rise to undesirable effects in certain conditions such as gastrointestinal difficulties.

Interestingly, the edible part of cauliflower is called ‘The curd’. Though this vegetable has been around for a very long time, it is only now that cauliflower has emerged as a super food for the powerful nutrients it comprises. It mainly mainstreams with a keto diet which provides countless nutritious dishes with cauliflower.

Cauliflower is incessantly being enhanced to increase the sustainability of production, boost nutritional quality, and cut down the waste. Development of resistances in contradiction of abiotic (high temperature and rainfall) and biotic stresses (diseases and insects) is essential for this purpose. Breeding plays a vibrant part in addressing these subjects through the development of superior hybrids/varieties. The rapidly growing familiarity with advanced tools of parental line development, molecular markers, and biotechnological methods will provide greater precision and outspread options for backing future cauliflower breeding programs.

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The cauliflower has an extensive range in adaptation to varied climatic conditions, mainly in temperate subtropics and tropical fragments. The optimal temperature for the growth of young plants is around 23oC, but in advanced stages, 17-20oC is most beneficial. The tropical cultivars express growth even at 35oC. In temperate regions, the development of young seedlings may be terminated, when temperatures are slightly about 0oC, while, the early cultivars cultivated in plains of north India and further tropical parts can grow even at 35oC or higher temperatures. Lower temperatures ranging from 5oC to 28-30oC are desirable for the transition from vegetable to the curding stage. The temperature higher or lower than the ideal required for curd formation of the cultivars may originate physiological disorder which is richness, leafy curd and blindness.

Soil conditions

Cauliflower can be cultivated in all types of soil with upright fertility and a good regime. In well-lit soil, the plants are utmost sensitive to drought and therefore, satisfactory moisture supply is important. For premature crops, the light soils are favoured, while, loamy and clay loam soils are more appropriate for the mid-season and late maturement. Cauliflower is comparatively more sensitive to deficiency of boron and molybdenum and has a high perquisition of magnesium. The deficiency of magnesium may rapidly seem to be vivid in acid soils. Thus, a high pH value reduces the availability of boron.

Varieties of cauliflower

The four foremost groups of cauliflower are:

  • The Italian class of cauliflower are the original cauliflower species which comprises Romanesco and various other coloured cultivars.
  • Northwest European cauliflowers are cultivars that are arranged in the fall and are classified as late harvesters.
  • Northern European varieties of cauliflowers are equipped to harvest in the initial season.
  • Asian tropical varieties of cauliflowers cultivate fine in warm weather.

The many colours of cauliflower

Fresho Cauliflower, 1 pc (approx. 400 to 600 g) White

White cauliflower is the utmost common and easily available type. It has a white head enclosed by green foliage. It is readily offered in food stores, whereas the other hues are yet difficult to find.


Green cauliflower, also known as “broccoflower,” contains chlorophyll. It resembles broccoli more than cauliflower as its florets have spikes. Also, green cauliflowers are more fibrous than the other variants.


Purple cauliflower is the healthiest option, with abundant advantages. The purple hue is due to the antioxidants termed anthocyanins. These are the pigments existing in several other plants and plant-based harvests, including red cabbage and red wine. Purple cauliflower aids to reduce the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and inflammation.

When heated, purple cauliflowers may turn light green. So, if you want to keep the vivid purple hue, add lemon juice during its preparation.


Orange cauliflower is called “cheddar” due to its hue similar to cheese. Its flavours are mild, creamy and somewhat sweet. Unlike purple cauliflowers, which lose their colour when cooked, orange cauliflowers generally become more powerful in colour when cooked.

Moreover, they hold 25 times more vitamin A than their counterparts, which makes them wholesome and 0068ealthy.

How to choose a cauliflower?

The cauliflower’s colour and hardness are the two most significant aspects to consider while picking the best cauliflower. A white cauliflower must be creamy-white or pure white in colour. There should be no black colourations or areas on the curds.

When opting for colourful cauliflowers, look for colour vibrancy. For instance, purple cauliflowers should have an intense purple tint, whereas orange cauliflowers should be a rich inherent orange tone. When picking any cauliflower, make sure the heads (curds) are compact and have no signs of faintness. There is no quality modification between big and small cauliflower heads.

Best ways to enjoy the vegetable

Steaming and broiling are probably the most communal ways to cook a cauliflower, but they tend to make the vegetable mushy and bland. Therefore, it is advised to roast, sauté and eat it raw to retain the most flavour. The silhouette of the florets and their trifling taste makes them perfect for dipping into dressings and sauces.

Here are a few suggestions for including this versatile veggie in your diet:

  • Chop it and eat it raw with hummus or any other low-fat ranch dressing.
  • Roast the vegetable with a minor amount of olive oil, or customise it in a stir-fry.
  • Mash cauliflower acts as the healthiest substitute for mashed potatoes.
  • Grind the cauliflower in a food processor until it formulates into rice-size pieces, and enjoy it in the place of white rice.
  • Use riced cauliflower instead of flour as the main element in a homemade pizza crust.
  • Dust it with breadcrumbs and bake it in the oven for a healthier and delish snack.

Delicious cauliflower recipes

Get ready to fall in love with cauliflower all over again! From cheesy to spicy, sweet to savoury, our collection of 14 delicious cauliflower recipes has something for everyone. Whether you’re in the mood for a comforting soup, crispy bhajia, or a healthy pizza crust, these recipes are sure to satisfy your cravings and make you a cauliflower convert. So grab a head of this versatile veggie and let’s get cooking!

Check out delicious cauliflower recipes

To conclude, cauliflower has a plethora of health benefits and is an excellent source of nutrients. It is delicious, and simple to prepare, and you can use it in countless recipes as a standby for high-carb foods. Just remember to enjoy it in moderation, and you’ll be reaping the rewards of this superfood in no time.

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